When we speak of worshipping God, we must always be mindful that we speak of Trinitarian worship.
That God is one, and that He is three is the very essence of who God is. The Trinitarian doctrine of God – One God, Three Persons – is thoroughly biblical, and uniquely Christian.
The great affirmation (Shema) of Deuteronomy 6:4 – “Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD” bespeaks the unity of God as One. The baptism formula, “in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost” (Matthew 28:19), is evidence of the fact that the name of God comprises Three Persons – the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost. Many more of such Scripture portions can be cited to affirm that God is triune.
The Scriptures also have ample evidence that each of the Three Persons receives the worship of His people.
“For this cause I bow my knees unto the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ” (Ephesians 3:14).
“That all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. He that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which hath sent him” (John 5:23).
Matthew 28:19, which mentions the Holy Spirit along with the Father and the Son, testifies to the Spirit’s rightful place in our worship. Moreover, Paul’s well known benediction in 2 Corinthians 13:14 includes the Holy Spirit also as the object of our worship – “The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen.”
Admittedly, we have fewer records in the Scriptures concerning the worship of the Holy Spirit. This is not surprising because in God’s design of our salvation, the Spirit is the One who awakens us to worship the Father and the Son. Jesus said, “Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come. He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you” (John 16:13-14). Let us not forget that the One who awakens us from our spiritual deadness to true worship is God.
When we call on the Father, the Son or the Holy Spirit, we call on each one as the representative of the Trinity. When we say, “Our Father, which art in heaven”, we are not becoming anti-Trinitarian. He is the Father in the Trinitarian relationship within the Godhead, representing the Son and the Holy Spirit. When we call on any one of the Divine Three, by implication, we pray to all Three.
If we were to render appropriate and acceptable worship to God, our worship must be directed to the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost. The Westminster Confession of Faith, Chapter 21, Paragraph 2, states: “Religious worship is to be given to God, the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.”